Traumatic Brain Injury
Traumatic brain injuries are often caused by traffic accidents or falls in the elderly, or as a result of sports injuries. The location and severity of the injury have a decisive influence on the patient’s ability to recover in the future. Patients with traumatic brain injury are more likely than stroke patients to have problems with cognition, emotion, and pain due to damage of the brain and nerve tissue on impact, which must all be treated during rehabilitation. The goal of rehabilitation is to avoid sequelae as a first priority. Range of motion exercises, functional activities of daily living, and cognitive and emotional psychotherapy must begin early on in treatment to reduce burden on family care and enable the patient to regain the ability to care for themselves as early as possible.